Gail R. Wilensky
Member of Commission on Social Determinants of Health
Head of Deadly Ebola Outbreak
World Health Organization was founded in the year 1948. The organisation has been active for almost 71 years now. The origin of the organisation stems from the International Sanitary Conferences, in order to combat diseases like yellow fever, cholera and also bubonic plague as well. The constitution had come into force in the year 1948, and on the day of 7th of April as well, which is currently celebrated as the World Health Day. Shortly after coming into existence, the organisation had released various types of operations in order to cure diseases around the world and also save human lives as well.
In the year 1955, the malaria eradication program was launched. In the year 1965, the organisation had seen the first report on diabetes mellitus and also established the International Agency for Research on Cancer as well. In the year 1958, the World Health Assembly was called in order to eradicate smallpox. During that time, almost 2 million people were dying every year from smallpox. In the year 1966, the organisation had moved its headquarters to Geneva, Switzerland. The organisation intensified the smallpox movement and also contributed almost $2.4 million annually as well, for a new disease surveillance method. The organisation had also helped in containing the last outbreak of smallpox in the year 1972, in Yugoslavia. By the year 1979, smallpox was eradicated from the face of the earth. Then in the year 1974, the organisation had started the control programme for onchocerciasis. This also made the organisation collaborate with the World Bank as well. In the year 1986, the organisation had started its global programme on HIV and AIDS. This had led to the formation of UNAIDS in the year 1996. In the year 1988, the program for the eradication of polio was again launched as well. By the year 1998, the organisation had reported that there was a reduction in infant mortality and also increase in life expectancy as well. By the year 2000, the tuberculosis program was launched. In the year 2001, the measles initiative was launched as well, which had led to global reductions in deaths from the measles disease by almost 68 per cent, as of the year 2007. The organisation had also drawn up global funds to fight tuberculosis, AIDS and even malaria too. In the year 2006, the organisation had endorsed the official first HIV and AIDS toolkit for Zimbabwe. The headquarters of the organisation is based in Avenue Appia 20, 1202. The name of the place is Pregny-Chambesy, while the name of the country is Switzerland.
World Health Organization is an international organisation that focuses on directing and coordinating various efforts of member countries for the improvement of human health and eradication of diseases, all over the world. The current director general of the organisation is Tedros Adhanon. The organisation had 61 member countries.
The primary services provided by the organisation include assisting and aiding member countries in the development of human health standards and also work towards the eradication of various types of life-threatening diseases as well. The organisation deploys multiple types of eradication and awareness programs, as well as help in contributing funds to the specific causes as well.
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