Francis S. Collins
Chief Financial Officer and Deputy Director of Management
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NIH was founded in the year 1887. The organisation has been active for almost 132 years now. The origins of the organisation extend back to the formation of Marine Hospital Service, during the late 1790s. The organisation provided medical relief to disabled and sick men in the US Navy. By the year 1870, a network of the marine hospital has been developed and was also placed under the charge of a medical officer as well. During the late 1870s, Congress had allocated funds to investigate the causes of various diseases like cholera and yellow fever. Later onwards, the National Board of Health was created, and therefore, medical research was made as an official government initiative. In the year 1887, the Hygienic Laboratory was established in New York, USA. During the early 1990s, Congress started to appropriate funds for the Marine Hospital Service. In the year 1922, the name of the organisation was changed to Public Health Services, and it also established a special cancer investigations laboratory at the Harvard Medical School.
Then in the year 1930, the Hygienic Laboratory was redesigned and was also given $750,000 in funding to construct two NIH buildings as well. In the year 1944, the Public Health Service Act was approved, and then the National Cancer Institute became a part of NIH. Later in the year 1948, the name of the organisation was changed to National Institutes of Health. In the year 1967, the Division of Regional Medical Programs was established in order to obtain grants for the research of cancer, strokes and also heart diseases as well. By the year 1971, the cancer research was in full force, and the National Cancer Act was also signed as a result. This resulted in the starting of a National Cancer Program along with the National Cancer Advisory Board, combined with other research, demonstration and training centres as well. As of the year 1992, the organisation's budget had exceeded almost 1 per cent of the total operating budget of the federal government. The organisation controlled nearly 50 per cent of all health research funding and also 85 per cent of all health studies in the universities. During the 1990s, the organisations' focus shifted towards DNA research and therefore, had launched the Human Genome Project. The headquarters of the organisation is based in 9000 Center Drive. The name of the place is Bethesda, while the name of the state is Maryland, USA. The pin code of the area is 20892.
NIH is an American organisation that focuses on the development of research of various types of biomedical sciences, required to fight and cure human diseases. The number of employees currently working in the organisation is more than 20,200. The current director of the organisation is Francis S Collins. The organisation is a subsidiary of the Department of Health & Human Services. The organisation controls nearly 27 research centres and institutes under it. As of the year 2013, the organisation has over 1,200 principal investigators along with more than 4,000 post-doctoral people. As of the year 2019, the organisation was named as the number two in the world for biomedical sciences.
The primary services provided by the organisation include doing research in various basic as well as clinical and translational fields, via which the organisation is able to invent the ways of curing different types of human biomedical diseases and also help in the maintenance of public health as well. The organisation also helps in the creation of vaccines for HIB and HIV viruses, along with other disease avoiding vaccines as well.
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